Document Type : Original Article
Cardiac Anesthesia Department, Rajaie Cardiovascular Medical and Research Center, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran.
Echocardiography Research Center, Rajaie Cardiovascular Medical and Research Center, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran.
Background:Advanced monitoring can lead to the early recovery of patients in complicated and high-risk surgical operations. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of advanced monitoring on the hemodynamics of patients undergoing cardiac surgery.
Methods:In this study, patients undergoing cardiac surgery were divided into 2 groups of control and advanced monitoring. In each group, 25 patients were examined. The patients had moderate-to-severe left ventricular dysfunction (ejection fraction < 35%). The patients in the case group were placed on the FloTrac cardiac output monitor, which is used as a therapeutic guide in the operating room and the intensive care unit (ICU).
Results:Upon ICU admission, the average stroke volume variation and the mean cardiac index in the advanced monitoring group in the first 6 hours were 10 and 2.7, respectively, and in the second 6 hours were 11 and 2.8, correspondingly. The mean serum level administered was 1000 cc in the first 6 hours and 500 cc in the second 6 hours. In the control group, the mean serum level administered was 2000 cc in the first 6 hours and 500 cc in the second 6 hours, which had a significant relationship between the 2 groups in the first 6 hours (p = 0.01). Additionally, 84% of the patients with advanced monitoring were extubated in the first 6 hours (p = 0.0).
Conclusions: This study showed that cardiac surgery in patients with moderate-to-severe left ventricular dysfunction using advanced monitoring and goal-directed hemodynamic therapy based on the cardiac index, the stroke volume variation, and the stroke volume index reduced the duration of intubation after surgery. (Iranian Heart Journal 2020; 21(4): 25-32)