Tehran , Iran
Background-Scientists have long been puzzled by the fact that many heart attacks occur in patients who do not have any predisposing factors such as high blood pressure, smoking, and high cholesterol, and they have always wanted to ascertain what causes these heart attacks. The answer, according to some, may lie not merely in physiology but behavior. In the last 30 years, a small group of scientists has held steadfastly to the hypothesis that the way people think, feel, and act as they cope with the daily stresses of life can have a profound and some times deadly- effect on their heart. In this study we wanted to evaluate the patient s personality profile before angiography or heart surgery.
Methods-Two hundred and ten patients who needed angiography or heart surgery were selected to complete the following questionnaires - SCL 90 personality test, general knowledge, demographic questionnaire, and surgical questionnaire. Results- The personality traits of patients are susceptible to change before angiography and heart surgery, but according to the GSI standard, these changes are limited to the neurotic phase.
Conclusion-The presence of psychiatrists and clinical psychologists are useful and the employment of psychotherapy, psychoanalytic techniques, and education of patients can maximize the result of heart surgery as well (Iranian Heart Journal 2003; 4 (4):57-59).