CARDIOLOGY DEPARTMENT, ZANJAN UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, ZANJAN, IRAN
Background: Physical inactivity has been recognized as one of the main risk factors for coronary heart diseases. This study analyzed occupational, commuting, and leisure-time physical activity in outpatients who referred to heart clinics.
Methods: This is a descriptive study that evaluated 499 outpatients of heart clinics in 2003-2004. Occupational, commuting, and leisure-time physical activities were assessed based on questionnaire data, the validity and reliability of which had already been confirmed. The statistical package (SPSS) for Windows was used for statistical analysis.
Results: In this study, 59% of the individuals who were unemployed and retired had coronary artery disease. Also, 38% of the individuals who were spending leisure time in the sitting and sleeping positions had coronary disease and 23% of this group had hypertension. Moreover, 48% of the outpatients did not have proper morning exercise, and 98% of this group did not have informal exercise with supervision and also 67% did not have informal exercise.
Conclusion: According to this study, occupational, commuting, and leisure-time physical activities of outpatients in heart clinics were low. Thus, encouraging physical activities should be on the top of the public health programs priorities.